Elastic anomalies in a spin-crossover system: Ferropericlase at lower mantle conditions

Zhongqing Wu, João F. Justo, Renata M. Wentzcovitch

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72 Scopus citations

Abstract

The discovery of a pressure induced iron-related spin crossover in Mg (1-x)FexO ferropericlase (Fp) and Mg-silicate perovskite, the major phases of Earth's lower mantle, has raised new questions about mantle properties which are of central importance to seismology. Despite extensive experimental work on the anomalous elasticity of Fp throughout the crossover, inconsistencies reported in the literature are still unexplained. Here we introduce a formulation for thermoelasticity of spin crossover systems, apply it to Fp by combining it with predictive first principles density-functional theory with on-site repulsion parameter U calculations, and contrast results with available data on samples with various iron concentrations. We explain why the shear modulus of Fp should not soften along the crossover, as observed in some experiments, predict its velocities at lower mantle conditions, and show the importance of constraining the elastic properties of minerals without extrapolations for analyses of the thermochemical state of this region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number228501
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume110
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2013

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