Background: P wave indices represent electrocardiographic marker of left atrial pathology. We hypothesized that P wave would be more abnormal in patients presenting with ischemic stroke than a comparable group without ischemic stroke. Methods: We compared P wave terminal force in V1 (PTFV1) between patients admitted with ischemic stroke (case) and patients followed in cardiology clinic (control) at a single medical center. Using logistic regression models, we tested for an association between abnormal PTFV1 (> 4000 µV ms) and ischemic stroke. We also defined several optimal cut-off values of PTFV1 using a LOESS plot and estimated odds ratio of ischemic stroke when moving from one cut-point level to the next higher-level. Results: A total of 297 patients (case 147, control 150) were included. PTFV1 was higher in patients with vs. those without ischemic stroke (median 4620 vs 3994 µV ms; p=0.006). PTFV1 was similar between cardioembolic/cryptogenic and other stroke subtypes. In multivariable analyses adjusting for sex, obesity, age, and hypertension, the association between abnormal PTFV1 and ischemic stroke ceased to be significant (OR 1.53 [0.95, 2.50], p=0.083). Increase to the next cutoff level of PTFV1 (900, 2000, 3000, 4000, 5000, and 6000 µV ms) was associated with 18% increase in odds of having ischemic stroke (vs. no ischemic stroke) (OR 1.18 [1.02, 1.36], p=0.026). Conclusion: Patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke are more likely to have abnormal PTFV1. These findings from a real-world clinical setting support the results of cohort studies that left atrial pathology manifested as abnormal PTFV1 is associated with ischemic stroke.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|State||Published - Sep 2020|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partly supported by the George Beller Award (University of Virginia Heart Vascular Institute) and NIH R21HL140432 (YK).
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.
- P wave terminal force