Electromagnetic waves and electron anisotropies downstream of supercritical interplanetary shocks

L. B. Wilson, A. Koval, A. Szabo, A. Breneman, C. A. Cattell, K. Goetz, P. J. Kellogg, K. Kersten, J. C. Kasper, B. A. Maruca, M. Pulupa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present waveform observations of electromagnetic lower hybrid and whistler waves with fci f < fce downstream of four supercritical interplanetary shocks using the Wind search coil magnetometer. The whistler waves were observed to have a weak positive correlation between δB and normalized heat flux magnitude and an inverse correlation with Teh/Tec. All were observed simultaneous with electron distributions satisfying the whistler heat flux instability threshold and most with Teh/Teh > 1.01. Thus, the whistler mode waves appear to be driven by a heat flux instability and cause perpendicular heating of the halo electrons. The lower hybrid waves show a much weaker correlation between δB and normalized heat flux magnitude and are often observed near magnetic field gradients. A third type of event shows fluctuations consistent with a mixture of both lower hybrid and whistler mode waves. These results suggest that whistler waves may indeed be regulating the electron heat flux and the halo temperature anisotropy, which is important for theories and simulations of electron distribution evolution from the Sun to the Earth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-16
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume118
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • electron anisotropy
  • heat flux instability
  • interplanetary shocks
  • lower hybrid waves
  • whistler mode waves

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