This study investigated the relationships among company average age, company work ability, and company performance by examining (a) the effects of employee average use of selection, optimization, and compensation (SOC) personal strategies and high-involvement work practices (HIWPs) on employee work ability; (b) the buffering effects of both employee average use of SOC and HIWPs on the negative relationship between company-level average age of employees and employee work ability; and (c) the link between company average age and company performance as mediated by company work ability. Analysis was conducted on data from 70 Finnish companies in the retail and metal industries and their 889 employees. Results showed that company average age was negatively related to company work ability, which in turn was positively related to company performance assessed by company managers. HIWPs were positively related to company work ability. Employee average use of SOC strategies buffered the negative effect of company average age on company work ability. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments: This article was accepted under the editorship of Patrick M. Wright. Monika E. von Bonsdorff has received support from the Academy of Finland (Grant Nos. 250681 and 294530), national funder of academic research. Mikaela B. von Bonsdorff has received support from the Academy of Finland (Grant No. 257239), national funder of academic research in Finland. Mo Wang’s work on this paper was supported in part by the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences and research grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71571118 and Key Program No. 71132003), national funders of academic research in the Netherlands and China. The authors would like to thank the Finnish Work Environment Fund (Nos. 110319 and 115192) for financial support.
- company performance
- high-involvement work practices
- selection, optimization, and compensation (SOC)
- work ability