EnALI: A research and design framework for virtual characters and pedagogical agents

George Veletsianos, Charles Miller, Aaron Doering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Conflicts occur when learners interact with pedagogical agents and virtual characters. Such conflicts-arising from technological limitations, psychosocial perceptions, and pedagogical inadequacies-hinder communication and interaction between virtual characters and learners, and impede successful engagement with learning tasks and experiences. To enhance communication and interaction between virtual characters and learners, we propose a three-tier framework of 15 research-based guidelines. This framework enables theorists, researchers, and designers to view virtual characters with a holistic lens, informing the analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation of virtual characters in electronic learning contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-194
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Educational Computing Research
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

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