Enhanced adsorption of molecules on surfaces of nanocrystalline particles

Hengzhong Zhang, R. Lee Penn, Robert J. Hamers, Jillian F. Banfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

230 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quantitative measurements of adsorption from solution show up to a 70-fold increase in the adsorption coefficient when a variety of organic acids are adsorbed onto 6 nm compared to 16 nm nanocrystalline titania particles. A Langmuir adsorption model modified to include the dependence of interfacial tension (interfacial free energy) on particle size predicts an increase in the adsorption constant (Kads) as the crystallite size decreases, in agreement with the experimental results. The increase in Kads arises predominantly from the increased molar surface free energy of the nanocrystalline particles. The rapid increase in adsorption as particle size decreases has important implications for understanding and modeling natural and experimental systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4656-4662
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume103
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 1999

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