Direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation is a problem of significance in many applications. In practice, due to the occurrence of coherent signals and/or when the number of available snapshots is small, it is a challenge to find DOAs accurately. This problem is revisited here through a new enhanced principal-singular-vector utilization for modal analysis (EPUMA) DOA estimation approach, which improves the threshold performance by first generating (P+K) DOA candidates for K sources where P ≥ K, and then judiciously selecting K of them. The asymptotic variance of EPUMA is theoretically derived, and numerical results are provided to validate the asymptotic analysis and illustrate the practical merits of EPUMA.
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- DOA estimation
- linear prediction
- small sample size
- subspace method
- weighted least squares