Equilibria involved in prothrombin- and blood-clotting factor X-membrane binding

Gary L. Nelsestuen, T. K. Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

137 Scopus citations


The study of prothrombin- and factor X-membrane interaction by light-scattering intensity measurements at 90° is reported. This technique, which uses a fluorometer as a light-scattering photometer, can be applied to measurement of free and membrane-bound protein concentrations, from which equilibrium constants can be obtained. The following equilibria adequately describe the observed properties of prothrombin-membrane interaction (Equation Presented) where P and PL are protein and phospholipid, PiCa and PLjCa are the calcium complexes, P′iCa is the protein after undergoing a calcium dependent transition, and P′-PLi+j+mCa is the protein-membrane complex. Several lines of evidence indicate that i, j, and m are interrelated and m decreases to 0 when i and j are saturated. In agreement with this, direct calcium binding measurements indicate m values of 3.2 é 1.5 and 1.1 ± 1.5 at 0.5 and 1.2 mM calcium, respectively. The total number of functional calcium ions in the complex (i + j + m) is 6 to 9 based on Hill coefficients for the reactions and direct calcium binding measurements. In reaction 3, the maximum stoichiometry of calcium per acidic phospholipid is 1:2. While the details of factor X-membrane binding were not determined in quite as great detail, the equilibria (identified) appear the same but a major difference is the calcium concentration needed to initiate protein-membrane binding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4164-4171
Number of pages8
Issue number19
StatePublished - 1977


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