Designing advanced controilers for motor neurai prosthesis applications requires appropriate models for electrically stimulated muscle. A nonlinear nonisometric muscle model based on a Hill-type structure is presented. Estimation algorithms were derived to parameterize the passive force-length, the passive force-velocity, the active force-length, and the active force-velocity properties, the isometric recruitment curve, and the linear contraction dynamics of the model. All parameters were based on experimental measurements rather than on values taken from the literature. The estimation methods were validated experimentally using isolated hind-limb muscles in two acute animal model preparations. The results demonstrated that the parameterized model is capable of predicting force output with reasonable accuracy for a wide range of simultaneously varying kinematic and stimulation inputs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Manuscript received May 28, 1991; revised November 15, 1993. This work was supported by the Whitaker Foundation and was performed in the Whitaker College and in the Eric P. and Evelyn E. Newman Laboratory for Biomechanics and Human Rehabilitation, both at M.I.T. W. Durfee is with the Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455. K. Palmer is with the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139. IEEE Log Number 9215013.
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