Eternal observers and bubble abundances in the landscape

Vitaly Vanchurin, Alexander Vilenkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


We study a class of "landscape" models in which all vacua have positive energy density, so that inflation never ends and bubbles of different vacua are endlessly "recycled." In such models, each geodesic observer passes through an infinite sequence of bubbles, visiting all possible kinds of vacua. The bubble abundance pj can then be defined as the frequency at which bubbles of type j are visited along the worldline of an observer. We compare this definition with the recently proposed general prescription for pj and show that they give identical results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number043520
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2006


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