Ethyl chloride decomposition on oxide-supported platinum catalysts

K. C. McGee, M. D. Driessen, V. H. Grassian

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Ethyl chloride decomposition on Pt/SiO2 and Pt/Al2O3 catalysts has been investigated by infrared spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Ethyl chloride reacts on Pt particles at low temperatures near 200 K to form adsorbed C2 hydrocarbon fragments. By comparison to literature infrared spectra, three species are identified to be adsorbed on the Pt catalysts-ethyl (C2H5), ethylene (C2H4), and ethylidyne (C2H3). The C2Hx species coexist to a greater extent on the surface of the Pt particles than on single crystal Pt surfaces. The infrared data suggest there are two different reaction pathways that ethyl chloride may undergo on the Pt particles. The first reaction pathway involves α,β-elimination of HCl to give adsorbed ethylene. The second reaction pathway results from C-Cl bond dissociation to give adsorbed ethyl groups and chlorine atoms. Adsorbed ethyl groups dehydrogenate to ethylidyne upon warming. In the presence of hydrogen, C2 fragments can be hydrogenated to give ethane. The data show that adsorbed ethyl and ethylene hydrogenate much more readily than ethylidyne. At higher temperatures near 473 K, ethyl chloride reacts on Pt/SiO2 and Pt/Al2O3 to yield gas-phase ethylene, ethane, methane, and hydrogen chloride. The reaction rate is enhanced in the presence of hydrogen and there is a greater amount of ethane produced relative to ethylene. Ethyl chloride can react with the oxide support as well at high temperatures. Surface hydroxyl groups on the alumina support react with ethyl chloride to give ethoxy, AlOCH2CH3, near 473 K, whereas silica hydroxyl groups show no reaction with ethyl chloride up to 573 K. Possible mechanisms for the high-temperature reaction of ethyl chloride on oxide-supported Pt catalysts are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)730-739
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1995

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