Evaluation of metallic filter media for sub-micrometer soot particle removal at elevated temperature

Qisheng Ou, M. Matti Maricq, David Y.H. Pui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Soot particle removal performance of two types of metallic filter media, sintered metal powder and sintered metal fiber, is experimentally evaluated as potential improvements to conventional ceramic filtration media for gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine PM after-treatment application. Soot collection efficiency and flow resistance of several grades of metallic media are measured at temperatures of 25, 350, and 650°C and a range of representative filtration velocities for sub-micrometer soot particles generated from a propane flame. Theoretical collection efficiency based on single fiber efficiency theory shows good agreement with experimental data for nearly spherical KCl particles at 350°C. Improved collection efficiency is observed for soot particles in the interception-dominated size range above ∼100 nm due to enhanced interception length. Soot collection is slightly enhanced at higher temperature, which is consistent with model predictions. Sintered metal fiber media are found capable of removing ∼75% of soot particles by mass with an incremental flow resistance of less than 1.5 kPa under 10 cm/s and 350°C, which is promising for gasoline particulate filter (GPF) application. The media level figure of merit (FOM) is used to quantify the soot collection efficiency versus flow resistance tradeoff of all media tested. It is found that due to their more open structure (higher porosity) sintered metal fiber media have FOMs nearly one order of magnitude higher than those of sintered metal powder media, and by analogy those of conventional wall flow ceramic media. This suggests that sintered metal fiber media represents an attractive alternative to ceramic media for designing GPFs; however, further research into creating comparable surface area to the honeycomb structures used for wall flow filters is needed to extract the full potential of metal fiber media.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1303-1312
Number of pages10
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Volume51
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2017

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