Voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy (VCMA) has attracted great attention as it allows faster switching and lower energy consumption compared to traditional spin-Transfer torque-based magnetization switching. In this paper, we evaluate the operating margin and switching probability of VCMA-based magnetic tunnel junctions using realistic material and device parameters. For this paper, we developed a physics-based SPICE model that incorporates various VCMA parameters such as VCMA coefficient, energy barrier, time constant, and external magnetic field. Switching probability of a VCMA device was obtained by running Monte Carlo simulations including thermal fluctuation effects. A design space exploration was performed using the proposed simulation framework. The highest switching probabilities we were able to achieve were 94.9%, 84.8%, and 53.5%, for VCMA coefficient values of 33, 105, and 290\,\,\text (fJ)\cdot \text (V)(-1)\cdot \text (m)(-1) , respectively. Our study shows that for VCMA devices to become viable, their switching probability must be improved significantly either through new physics or material innovation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits|
|State||Published - Dec 2018|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2014 IEEE.
- Magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ)
- VCMA coefficient
- switching probability
- voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy (VCMA)