Evaluation of the drug sensitivity and expression of 16 drug resistance-related genes in canine histiocytic sarcoma cell lines

Hajime Asada, Hirotaka Tomiyasu, Yuko Goto-Koshino, Yasuhito Fujino, Koichi Ohno, Hajime Tsujimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Canine histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is an aggressive tumor type originating from histiocytic cell lineages. This disease is characterized by poor response to chemotherapy and short survival time. Therefore, it is of critical importance to identify and develop effective antitumor drugs against HS. The objectives of this study were to examine the drug sensitivities of 10 antitumor drugs. Using a real-time RT-PCR system, the mRNA expression levels of 16 genes related to drug resistance in 4 canine HS cell lines established from dogs with disseminated HS were determined and compared to 2 canine lymphoma cell lines (B-cell and T-cell). These 4 canine HS cell lines showed sensitivities toward microtubule inhibitors (vincristine, vinblastine and paclitaxel), comparable to those in the canine B-cell lymphoma cell line. Moreover, it was shown that P-gp in the HS cell lines used in this study did not have enough function to efflux its substrate. Sensitivities to melphalan, nimustine, methotrexate, cytarabine, doxorubicin and etoposide were lower in the 4 HS cell lines than in the 2 canine lymphoma cell lines. The data obtained in this study using cultured cell lines could prove helpful in the developing of advanced and effective chemotherapies for treating dogs that are suffering from HS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)677-684
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Science
Volume77
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • Canine
  • Drug resistance
  • Histiocytic sarcoma
  • Microtubule inhibitors
  • TP53 gene

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