Evaluation of the fermentation dynamics of soluble crude protein from three protein sources in continuous culture fermenters

A. Bach, M. Ruiz Moreno, M. Thruneand, M. D. Stern

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17 Scopus citations


Eight dual-flow continuous culture fermenters (1.03 ± 0.05 L) were used to assess differences in microbial degradation of the soluble CP fraction of canola meal (CMSCP), soybean meal (SBMSCP), and fish meal (FMSCP) using a completely randomized design with two 9-d experimental periods and a solution of tryptone as a control treatment (control). All fermenters received the same basal diet (58% ground corn, 40% canary grass hay, 0.4% vitamin-mineral premix, 1% CaCO3, 0.6% salt on a DM basis) in 8 equal portions daily. During sampling on the last 3 d of each period, 90-mL doses containing soluble CP were infused into the fermenters 30 min after the beginning of the first and last feedings of the day. The total amount of soluble CP supplied by the infusions of FMSCP, CMSCP, and SBMSCP was 3.2 g/d, representing 24% of the daily dietary CP intake. Infusion of FMSCP resulted in the greatest (P < 0.05) NH 3-N concentration (4.6 ± 0.40 mg/ dL) compared with the other treatments (0.5 ± 0.40 mg/ dL). Microbial N flow (g/d) from the fermenters was also greatest (P < 0.05) with FMSCP (1.42 ± 0.062) compared with the other soluble CP fractions (1.08 ± 0.062). The efficiency of microbial protein synthesis tended to be lowest with the control diet, and the efficiency of N utilization was lowest with FMSCP treatment. These results indicate that N was limiting microbial growth in the control diet, and there was more rumen-available N with the FMSCP diet compared with the other dietary treatments. The extent of degradation of the soluble CP fraction from fish meal, soybean meal, and canola meal was determined to be 99, 30, and 37% of soluble CP, respectively. These results indicate that the soluble CP fraction is not 100% degraded in all feeds and that assuming a high degradation extent of the soluble CP fraction from soybean meal and canola meal may result in an underestimation of the supply of undegradable protein from these protein sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1361-1371
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of animal science
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2008


  • In vitro
  • Protein degradation
  • Soluble protein


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