Evaluation of wall modeled large eddy simulation of cold wall hypersonic boundary layer

Robyn L. Macdonald, Graham V. Candler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Large eddy simulation (LES) of wall bounded high Reynolds number flows is challenging due to strict cell size and time-step requirements necessary to resolve the inner layer. This restriction motivated the development of wall models which approximate the near wall behavior using a simplified set of equations, allowing for larger near wall cells and larger time-steps. In this work, we apply wall modeled LES (WMLES) to three turbulent boundary layer test cases to assess the performance of WMLES under cold-wall hypersonic conditions through comparison with direct numerical simulation (DNS) data. We compare velocity and temperature profiles as well as surface statistics including skin friction coefficient and wall heat transfer rate with DNS data. We find that the velocity profile is well captured using WMLES for adiabatic wall conditions, but is slightly under-predicted by WMLES in cases with wall cooling. All cases considered exhibit some error in the predicted temperature profile normal to the wall, particularly around the point where data is exchanged between the LES simulation and the wall model. The skin friction coefficient predicted at the wall is in good agreement with the DNS data, with less than 6% error across the range of conditions studied. We also investigate the effect of moving the wall exchange point for the wall model and find that selecting the first point off the wall yields significant errors as observed by previous researchers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2021 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9781624106095
StatePublished - 2021
EventAIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, AIAA SciTech Forum 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Jan 11 2021Jan 15 2021

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2021 Forum


ConferenceAIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, AIAA SciTech Forum 2021
CityVirtual, Online

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank Dr. Jeffrey Komives for his guidance and insights in the implementation and use of the wall model plugin. This work is supported by the University of Minnesota President’s Postdoctoral Fellowship Program. This work was also sponsored in part by the Collaborative Center for Aeronautical Sciences.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. All rights reserved.

Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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