Examination of the Lille Apathy Rating Scale in Parkinson disease

Laura B. Zahodne, Shamar Young, Lindsey Kirsch-Darrow, Anne Nisenzon, Hubert H. Fernandez, Michael S. Okun, Dawn Bowers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Apathy is a unique, multidimensional syndrome commonly encountered in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). Recently, the Lille Apathy Rating Scale (LARS), a semistructured interview yielding a global score, and composite subscores for different domains of apathy (i.e., cognitive, behavioral, affective, self awareness), was developed and given to a sample of patients with PD in France. This study is the first outside of its original developers to examine the English language version of the LARS in PD. We found the LARS to be a coherent instrument demonstrating both convergent and divergent validity, as compared to the Apathy Scale (AS) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). Using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis comparing the LARS to the AS, a validated and widely-used measure, we identified a cut-off score (sensitivity = 64%, specificity = 92%, PPV = 88%, NPV = 75%) that was higher than that proposed by the original authors, who derived their cutoff by comparing LARS global scores to clinical judgments of apathy. Although the present study does not compare the LARS to a diagnostic gold standard or promote its utility for diagnosing apathy, it provides further support for the LARS as a promising instrument to examine apathy in PD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)677-683
Number of pages7
JournalMovement Disorders
Issue number5
StatePublished - Apr 15 2009


  • Apathy
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Rating scales

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