Examining the effect of the Hiawatha LRT on auto use in the Twin Cities

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Abstract

Many studies have investigated the impact of rail transit on transit use. However, few have focused on auto use. This study explores the effect of the Hiawatha LRT in Minneapolis on vehicle miles driven (VMD). Negative binomial models show that Hiawatha residents drive shorter distance than those in urban and suburban control corridors, after demographics and neighborhood characteristics are controlled for. The LRT can reduce an urban resident's VMD by about 20%, all else equal. Once attitudes are included in the model, however, the differences become insignificant. Demographics and attitudes altogether are more important in influencing auto use than the built environment. Overall, the LRT reduces driving because it enables new housing development and allows those valuing transit to better match their attitudes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)284-292
Number of pages9
JournalTransport Policy
Volume81
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the Transitway Impact Research Program in the Twin Cities. It is partially supported by the National Science Foundation of USA (#1243535). Jessica Schoner helped survey design and administration and ArcGIS application. The paper was presented at the World Conference on Transport Research, Shanghai, 2016.

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the Transitway Impact Research Program in the Twin Cities . It is partially supported by the National Science Foundation of USA ( #1243535 ). Jessica Schoner helped survey design and administration and ArcGIS application. The paper was presented at the World Conference on Transport Research, Shanghai, 2016. Appendix A

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Driving reduction
  • Residential self-selection
  • Transit-oriented development
  • Travel behavior

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