Although support exists for multiple psychosocial predictors of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, little is known about the relationships among these variables. Understanding the associations between such predictors could refine health behavior theories and inform the design of interventions. In addition to direct effects, we examined whether baseline perceived susceptibility was a moderator of, or was mediated by, changes in other psychosocial determinants of CRC screening intention and behavior. Longitudinal path models were tested using data from 1,001 white male automotive workers who participated in The Next Step Trial. Our sample included workers with no history of CRC who were due for CRC screening but did not complete CRC screening prior to the assessment of hypothesized mediators at year 1 follow-up. Perceived susceptibility interacted differently with four psychosocial constructs in models predicting CRC screening intention or behavior. Perceived susceptibility was independent of perceived benefits, moderated the change in perceived barriers and self-efficacy, and was mediated by the change in family influence. The role of perceived susceptibility was not limited to direct effects but involved mediating and moderating pathways of influence.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgements The Next Step Trial was supported by a National Cancer Institute (NCI) grant, Colorectal Cancer Screening and Nutrition Intervention (5R01CA052605-04; PI: Barbara C. Tilley). Secondary analyses were supported by a supplement grant from the NCI (5R01CA113828-04; PI: Gregory J. Norman). Dr. McQueen was supported by an American Cancer Society Mentored Research Scholar Grant (CPPB-113766) and an NCI Cancer Prevention and Control training grant (R25CA57712-11). Dr. Vernon was supported by an NCI grant, Tailored Interactive Intervention to Increase CRC Screening (R01CA097263). Preliminary findings from this report were presented at the 30th annual meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, 23 April 2009, in Montreal, Canada.
- Colorectal cancer
- Perceived susceptibility