Excimer laser correction of astigmatism with multipass/multizone treatment

S. Brodovsky, T. Couper, N. A. Alpins, C. A. McCarry, H. R. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of excimer laser correction of myopic astigmatism by multipass/multizone photoastigmatic refractive keratectomy (PARK). Setting: Tertiary referral ophthalmic hospital with an associated private laser facility. Methods: This study comprised a consecutive series of 332 eyes of 289 patients who were followed for 6 months. All patients were 18 years or older, had stable myopic astigmatism (up to a -19.0 diopters [D] spherical equivalent [SE] at the spectacle plane), and had a best corrected visual acuity of at least 20/60 in both eyes. All eyes were treated with a VISX Twenty-Twenty excimer laser. The correction was divided between ablation zones using a multipass/multizone treatment paradigm based on the amount of myopia and astigmatism. Patients were examined 1 week, and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Results: Analysis of the mean percentage of spherical correction across the range of myopic preoperative SEs treated demonstrated 90% correction for most amounts of myopic astigmatism. Eyes with low myopia (mean preoperative SE ≤-5.0 D) treated with ≤-1.0 diopter cylinder (DC) of astigmatism achieved a mean percentage of spherical correction of 91% versus 93% in eyes with high myopia (>-5.0 D mean preoperative SE). Eyes with low myopia treated with >-1.0 DC of astigmatism achieved a mean percentage spherical correction of 90% versus 89% in eyes with high myopia. The differences between the two groups were not statistically significant. Patients with high relative cylinder (>80% of total sphere treated) achieved comparable results. Analysis of the astigmatic component of the treatment, independent of the spherical result, showed a trend toward overcorrection in the high myopia group with less than -1.0 DC and a mean astigmatic correction of 89 and 98%, respectively, in the low and high myopic astigmatism groups. The mean angle of error was +2.0 degrees. Conclusion: Multipass/multizone PARK for myopic astigmatism demonstrated a high degree of predictability and stability with desirable results for low and high levels of astigmatism across the range of myopic astigmatism treated by surface ablation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-633
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cataract and refractive surgery
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

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