Experimental investigation and analysis of auto-ignition combustion dynamics

Abhinav Tripathi, Chen Zhang, Zongxuan Sun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

From engine controls’ perspective, understanding autoignition dynamics is a key to enabling new combustion modes for internal combustion engines, especially for renewable fuels. Conventional autoignition investigations of fuels commonly involve a rapid compression of oxidizer-fuel mixture to a desired set of temperature-pressure conditions in a rapid compression machine (RCM), and subsequent measurement of the ignition delay. However, even for relatively close thermal states at the compressed condition, different thermodynamic paths (pressure-temperature histories) may lead to significantly different chemical kinetic states and hence significantly different ignition delay measurements. Currently, there exists no systematic method to study this path dependence of auto-ignition. In this work we present, for the first time, a systematic framework for investigation of the effect of small perturbations in the thermo-kinetic states, caused by perturbing the thermodynamic path of compression, on the ignition delay of fuels from a dynamical systems perspective. First, we introduce a novel controlled trajectory rapid compression and expansion machine (CT-RCEM) which offers the ability to precisely control the piston trajectory during compression of the fuel-oxidizer mixture, allowing the thermodynamic path to be tailored as desired. We use the CT-RCEM to experimentally investigate the influence of compression trajectory perturbation on the ignition delay of a specific fuel — dimethyl-ether (DME). Next, using a reduced order model of the combustion dynamics in the CT-RCEM that we developed, we investigate the evolution of the perturbation in the thermo-kinetic states resulting from trajectory perturbation to explain the experimental observations. Finally, we show that the sensitivity of auto-ignition to the thermodynamic path perturbation essentially arises from changes in the chemical reaction rates due to different amounts of intermediate species buildup for different thermodynamic paths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationControl and Optimization of Connected and Automated Ground Vehicles; Dynamic Systems and Control Education; Dynamics and Control of Renewable Energy Systems; Energy Harvesting; Energy Systems; Estimation and Identification; Intelligent Transportation and Vehicles; Manufacturing; Mechatronics; Modeling and Control of IC Engines and Aftertreatment Systems; Modeling and Control of IC Engines and Powertrain Systems; Modeling and Management of Power Systems
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791851906
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
EventASME 2018 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2018 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: Sep 30 2018Oct 3 2018

Publication series

NameASME 2018 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2018
Volume2

Other

OtherASME 2018 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2018
CountryUnited States
CityAtlanta
Period9/30/1810/3/18

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by NSF under the grant CMMI-1428318.

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