Solid adsorbents were prepared by fixing amines to HZSM-5 zeolites via wet impregnation method, and the CO2 adsorption properties were investigated in a fixed-bed adsorption system followed by the structural, thermodynamic and kinetic studies. The HZSM-5 with 25 in Si/Al ratio and ~2.3 μm in average particle size was found to be a favourable CO2 adsorbent support; whereby CO2 adsorbents supporting monoethanolamine (MEA) and hydroxyethyl ethylenediamine (AEEA) exhibited good CO2 adsorption capacities, with maximum values of 4.27 and 4.44 mmol/g being achieved, respectively. Desorption kinetics and thermodynamic studies showed that the CO2 desorption process of AEEA loaded HZSM-5 exhibited a low activation energy of 54.27 kJ/mol. This low activation energy attributes to two possible reasons: HZSM-5 zeolite provides a large number of free H+ ions, which directly participate in carbamate breakdown; HZSM-5 can also provide metal atoms (Al) that attach to the N atom of carbamate, thereby stretching the C-N bond and promoting decomposition. Furthermore, the AEEA loaded HASM-5 adsorbent has high adsorption-desorption stability in the regeneration cycle tests, revealing the energy efficiency of the CO2 desorption process and low CO2 capture cost.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was financially supported by National Key R&D Program of China ( 2018YFB0605804 ) and the Foundation of NSFC-Shanxi Coal-based Low Carbon Joint Fund ( U1610254 ).
- Carbon dioxide
- Hydroxyethyl ethylenediamine (AEEA)
- Monoethanolamine (MEA)