Intoxicação experimental por monofluoroacetato de sódio em bovinos: aspectos clínicos e patológicos

Translated title of the contribution: Experimental poisoning by sodium monofluoroacetate in cattle: Clinical and pathological aspects

Vivian A. Nogueira, Ticiana N. França, Tiago C. Peixoto, Saulo A. Caldas, Anibal G. Armién, Paulo V. Peixoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sodium monofluoroacetate (MF) was identified, by cromatography, in three of the 12 plants that cause sudden death in cattle in Brazil, including Palicourea marcgravii, the most important plant of this group. A special kind of hydropic-vacuolar degeneration (HVD) of the distal convoluted uriniferous tubules was considered typical for the poisoning by some authors. The objective of this study was to verify if the ingestion of MF causes similar clinical signs and lesion in cattle poisoned by plants that cause sudden death. Six cows received orally 0.5 and 1.0mg/kg of M diluted in 50mL of distilled water. Clinically the animals presented tachycardia, engorgement and positive pulse of the jugular vein, abdominal breathing, swaying gait, subtle unbalance, and recumbency with head placed the on the flank. In the agonal phase all the animals in lateral recumbence presented muscular fasciculation, tonic contraction, peddling movements, opisthotonus, nystagmus, and died between 2 and 14 minutes. At postmortem examination, the heart auricles, jugular and pulmonary veins were moderately distended and engorged with blood. Slight to moderate edema of the subserosa was seen around the gall bladder and the duodenum near to the pancreas. At light microscopy, HVD associated with nuclear picnosis of the epithelial cells of the distal convoluted uriniferous tubules was present in all animals. Ultrastructurally, the cell lesion represents formation of cytosolic vacuoles, likely due to accumulation of water. Coagulation necrosis of individual or groups of hepatocytes and slight hepatic congestion secondary to the venous stasis were also observed. Hydropic-vacuolar degeneration has been observed in cases of poisoning by many substances, which cause acute tubular nephrosis, however not restricted to the distal renal tubules and without nuclear picnosis. This study demonstrates that the HVD in the kidney can be caused by MF and, in analogy, the compound should be considered responsible for the death of cattle that ingest toxic plants which cause sudden death in Brazil. Our results can be supportive to studies that will focus on the degradation of MF by rumen bacteria, what might have economic implications, as at least 500.000 cattle die annually by sudden death causing toxic plants in Brazil.

Translated title of the contributionExperimental poisoning by sodium monofluoroacetate in cattle: Clinical and pathological aspects
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)533-540
Number of pages8
JournalPesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Cattle
  • Hydropic-vacuolar degeneration
  • Pathology
  • Plant poisoning
  • Poisonous plants
  • Sodium monofluoroacetate

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