Factors affecting surveillance data on Escherichia coli O157 infections collected from FoodNet sites, 1996-1999

Jeffrey B. Bender, Kirk E. Smith, Alex A. McNees, Therese R. Rabatsky-Ehr, Suzanne D. Segler, Marguerite A. Hawkins, Nancy L. Spina, William E. Keene, Malinda H. Kennedy, Thomas J. Van Gilder, Craig W. Hedberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine the burden of illness caused by Escherichia coli O157 infections in populations in Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) surveillance areas, we initiated active, laboratory-based surveillance and surveyed laboratories, physicians, and the general public regarding the factors associated with the diagnosis and surveillance of infection with E. coli O157. We evaluated survey responses and site-specific incidence, outbreak, and demographic data during 1996-1999. A total of 1425 laboratory-confirmed cases of E. coli O157 infection and 32 outbreaks were reported from the 5 original FoodNet sites. The average annual incidence ranged from 0.5 cases/100,000 population in Georgia to 4.4 cases/100,000 population in Minnesota. After excluding outbreak-associated cases, the annual incidence of sporadic, laboratory-confirmed E. coli O157 infections remained relatively stable during 1996-1999, with a range of 1.9-2.3 cases/100,000 population. Regional differences in incidence partly resulted from differing physician and laboratory practices and from site-specific exposure factors (e.g., living on or visiting farms).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S157-S164
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume38
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2004

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