Factors Associated With Morbidity Following Total Pancreatectomy and Islet Autotransplantation: A NSQIP Analysis

John T. Butterfield, Victor R. Vakayil, Keaton Joppru, Melena D. Bellin, Gregory J. Beilman, James V. Harmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation is a therapeutic surgical option for patients with chronic pancreatitis leading to significant reduction in pain, improvement in quality of life, and potential for preservation of partial to full endocrine function. Data on the factors associated with short-term morbidities are limited. Methods: We queried the American College of Surgeons National Surgery Quality Improvement Project for patients undergoing total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation from 2005 to 2015. We determined 30-day morbidity and mortality and performed univariate and multivariate analysis to determine the preoperative and intraoperative factors associated with development of postoperative infectious complications. Results: The rate of 30-day postoperative morbidity in 384 patients undergoing total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation was 36% with an overall mortality of 1%. Postoperative infectious complications developed in 29% of patients and were associated with increased operative time (P = .016),and higher postoperative wound class (P = .045). After risk adjustment, only increased operative time was independently associated with increased rates of infectious complications (OR=1.1, 95% CI = 1.01-1.13, P = .02). Conclusions: Total operative time is independently associated with increased postoperative infectious complications in total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation. Future interventions aimed at optimizing islet isolation, surgical approach, and refinement of patient selection criteria present opportunities for reducing operative time and potentially reducing the morbidity of this surgical procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)705-711
Number of pages7
JournalTransplantation proceedings
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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