The educational attainment of participants in the Chicago Longitudinal Study (93% Black and 7% Hispanic) was examined. Cluster analysis on measures of human capital resources, family dynamics and demographics was used to identify four distinct profiles of families. In general, children who had family profiles characterized by higher levels of human capital resources and more favorable scores on indictors of parenting practices towards children's schooling and family functioning were more likely to have higher educational attainment than other children. Moreover, children who experienced a positive change in family profile characteristics between the ages of 8 and 12 were more likely to have higher educational attainment than other children. Implications for intervention and research are discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by grants from the Institute of Child Health and Human Development ( R01HD034294 ) and the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Education Research and Improvement ( R305T99047 and R306F960055 ). We would also like to thank the Chicago Public Schools, the Illinois Shared Enrollment and Graduation Consortium, the Illinois Department of Child and Family Services and the Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago for their invaluable assistance with data collection. The views expressed in this article are ours and do not represent the granting agencies.
- Cluster analysis
- Early intervention
- Educational attainment
- Human capital
- Minority children