Feedback control for real-time scheduling

Deepak R. Sahoo, S. Swaminathan, R. Al-Omari, Murti V. Salapaka, G. Manimaran, Arun K. Somani

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Most of real-time scheduling algorithms are open-loop algorithms as the scheduling decisions are based on the worst-case estimates of task parameters. They do not continuously observe the performance of the system and do not dynamically adjust the system parameters to improve performance. In many cases, it is preferable to base scheduling decisions on average-case work-load parameters and be ready to deal with bounded transient overloads dynamically. In recent years, the "closed-loop" scheduling has gained importance due to its applicability to many real-world problems wherein the feedback information can be exploited efficiently to adjust task and/or scheduler parameters, thereby improving the system's performance. In this paper, we discuss an open-loop dynamic scheduling algorithm that employs a notion of task overlap in the scheduler in order to provide some flexibility in task execution time. Then we present a novel closed-loop approach for dynamically estimating the execution time of tasks based on both deadline miss ratio and task rejection ratio in the system. This approach is highly preferable for firm/soft real-time systems since it provides a firm performance guarantee in terms of deadline misses while achieving a high guarantee ratio. We design proportional-integral controller and H-infinity controller for closed loop scheduling. We evaluate the performance of the open-loop and the closed-loop approaches using simulation studies. We show that the closed-loop dynamic scheduling offers a better performance over the open-loop scheduling under all practical conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1254-1259
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the American Control Conference
StatePublished - 2002
Event2002 American Control Conference - Anchorage, AK, United States
Duration: May 8 2002May 10 2002

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