Femininity, Masculinity and Sexual Orientation

Michael W. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Predominantly homosexual males from Australia (n=163), Sweden (n=176) and Finland (n=149) were compared on the Bem Sex-Role Inventory and on various measures of partner preference in order to establish the relationship between degree of homosexuality in terms of Kinsey Scale positions and gender identity. Results suggest that while there is not relationship between femininity and degree of homosexuality, masculinity is inversely related depending on the degree of sex role stereotyping and anti-homosexual attitudes of the society the subjects live in. Such findings suggest that deviant gender identity is function not of homosexuality as such but of societal attitudes, which may reinforce a homosexual role.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Homosexuality
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984


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