We analyze the form of the fermionic propagator for two-dimensional fermions interacting with massless overdamped bosons. Examples include a nematic and Ising ferromagnetic quantum-critical points and fermions at a half-filled Landau level. Fermi-liquid behavior in these systems is broken at criticality by a singular self-energy, but the Fermi surface remains well defined. These are strong-coupling problems with no expansion parameter other than the number of fermionic species, N. The two known limits, N 1 and N=0, show qualitatively different behavior of the fermionic propagator G (k, ω). In the first limit, G (k, ω) has a pole at some k; in the other it is analytic. We analyze the crossover between the two limits. We show that the pole survives for all N, but at small N it only exists in a range O (N2) near the mass shell. At larger distances from the mass shell, the system evolves and G (k, ω) becomes regular. At N=0, the range where the pole exists collapses and G (k, ω) becomes regular everywhere.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Mar 3 2009|