Fifteen-Year Prospective Analysis of Television Viewing and Adiposity in African American and Caucasian Men and Women: The CARDIA Study

Chung Yu Chen, Mark A. Pereira, Kevin H. Kim, Darin Erickson, David R. Jacobs, Janice C. Zgibor, Tammy Chung, Stephen Sidney, Carlos Iribarren, Anthony Fabio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

There are limited data from long-term prospective studies on the association between television (TV) viewing and obesity. We investigated this association between TV viewing and body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WST) over 15 years on 3,269 participants from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. We used cross-lagged panel models at exam Years 5, 10, 15, and 20 over 15 years to assess the association between TV viewing and obesity. The cross-lagged effects of TV viewing on anthropometry were significant from exam Year 5 to Year 10 (B = 0.034 for BMI and 0.036 for WST). However, the cross-lagged effects of TV viewing at Years 10 and 15 on obesity at Years 15 and 20, respectively, were nonsignificant. The findings indicate that higher levels of TV viewing predicted higher BMI and WC in young adulthood, but this association was not observed as individuals aged over the following decade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSAGE Open
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 23 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article: This study was supported in part by research grants from the National Institute on Aging (R03AG028504), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U49-CE000764), and CARDIA contract (N01-HC-48047–N01-HC-48050 and N01-HC-95095).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, © The Author(s) 2015.

Keywords

  • body mass index
  • cardiovascular diseases
  • obesity
  • television

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