An existing finite element program-ISLAB2000-was modified to allow for the analysis of horizontally restrained and unrestrained portland cement concrete (PCC) pavement slabs with partial depth cracks. To simulate a partial-depth crack, special line spring elements were added to the ISLAB2000 finite element code. Previously published relationships between spring elements stiffness and crack depth were used for formulating the element stiffness matrix of the line spring elements and to calculate stress intensity factors after solving the system of finite element equations.
Several example problems of partially cracked PCC slabs subject to typical highway loadings were solved to verify this newly developed finite element model termed ISLAB2005. The impact of crack depth and base friction parameters on slabs stresses and deflections was investigated. On the basis of this analysis, ISLAB2005 was found to be a reliable tool for analysis of partially cracked pavements that are either restrained or unrestrained from horizontal movements.
- Concrete pavement
- Finite element method
- Linear elastic fracture mechanics
- Prtial-depth crack