First-attempt success rate of video laryngoscopy in small infants (VISI): a multicentre, randomised controlled trial

PeDI Collaborative Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Orotracheal intubation of infants using direct laryngoscopy can be challenging. We aimed to investigate whether video laryngoscopy with a standard blade done by anaesthesia clinicians improves the first-attempt success rate of orotracheal intubation and reduces the risk of complications when compared with direct laryngoscopy. We hypothesised that the first-attempt success rate would be higher with video laryngoscopy than with direct laryngoscopy. Methods: In this multicentre, parallel group, randomised controlled trial, we recruited infants without difficult airways abnormalities requiring orotracheal intubation in operating theatres at four quaternary children's hospitals in the USA and one in Australia. We randomly assigned patients (1:1) to video laryngoscopy or direct laryngoscopy using random permuted blocks of size 2, 4, and 6, and stratified by site and clinician role. Guardians were masked to group assignment. The primary outcome was the proportion of infants with a successful first attempt at orotracheal intubation. Analysis (modified intention-to-treat [mITT] and per-protocol) used a generalised estimating equation model to account for clustering of patients treated by the same clinician and institution, and adjusted for gestational age, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, weight, clinician role, and institution. The trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03396432. Findings: Between June 4, 2018, and Aug 19, 2019, 564 infants were randomly assigned: 282 (50%) to video laryngoscopy and 282 (50%) to direct laryngoscopy. The mean age of infants was 5·5 months (SD 3·3). 274 infants in the video laryngoscopy group and 278 infants in the direct laryngoscopy group were included in the mITT analysis. In the video laryngoscopy group, 254 (93%) infants were successfully intubated on the first attempt compared with 244 (88%) in the direct laryngoscopy group (adjusted absolute risk difference 5·5% [95% CI 0·7 to 10·3]; p=0·024). Severe complications occurred in four (2%) infants in the video laryngoscopy group compared with 15 (5%) in the direct laryngoscopy group (–3·7% [–6·5 to –0·9]; p=0·0087). Fewer oesophageal intubations occurred in the video laryngoscopy group (n=1 [<1%]) compared with in the direct laryngoscopy group (n=7 [3%]; –2·3 [–4·3 to –0·3]; p=0·028). Interpretation: Among anaesthetised infants, using video laryngoscopy with a standard blade improves the first-attempt success rate and reduces complications. Funding: Anaesthesia Patient Safety Foundation, Society for Airway Management, and Karl Storz Endoscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1905-1913
Number of pages9
JournalThe Lancet
Volume396
Issue number10266
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 12 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
JEF has grant funding from the Anaesthesia Patient Safety Foundation. AGG-M has grant funding from the Society for Airway Management. PGK is a consultant for Verathon Medical, outside of the submitted work. AN has received grants from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, outside of the submitted work. All other authors declare no competing interest.

Funding Information:
We thank all the families of the infants who participated in our research. We thank the research staff at all the sites for their help conducting the study. We thank Paula Hu for coordinating the study and Kenneth Peeples for managing data collection. We thank Karl Storz for donating the equipment for the study. We thank the Anaesthesia Patient Safety foundation and the Society for Airway Management for funding of this study. We thank the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia for their support of the PeDI Collaborative.

Funding Information:
We thank all the families of the infants who participated in our research. We thank the research staff at all the sites for their help conducting the study. We thank Paula Hu for coordinating the study and Kenneth Peeples for managing data collection. We thank Karl Storz for donating the equipment for the study. We thank the Anaesthesia Patient Safety foundation and the Society for Airway Management for funding of this study. We thank the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia for their support of the PeDI Collaborative.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'First-attempt success rate of video laryngoscopy in small infants (VISI): a multicentre, randomised controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this