Background: RPR 109891 is a modified tetrapeptide glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor available in intravenous and oral formulations. Two phase II dose- ranging studies were performed to investigate pharmacodynamics and safety in acute coronary syndromes. Methods: The Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 15A trial was a randomized, open-label, study of RPR 109891 administered intravenously for 24 to 96 hours in 91 patients. TIMI15B was a randomized, double-blind comparison of intravenous RPR 109891 plus 4 weeks of oral RPR 109891 (n = 142) compared with placebo (n = 50). Results: Intravenous RPR 109891 exhibited a dose-response inhibition of platelet aggregation; mean inhibition after a bolus ranged from 53% to 92%, and at steady state 49% to 98%. Oral RPR 109891 demonstrated less platelet inhibition (peaks, range 48% to 59%; troughs, range 18% to 39%). Mean glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor occupancy and platelet inhibition were highly correlated (r = 0.82, 95% confidence interval 0.74-0.88). There were trends for increased major hemorrhage (10% vs 6%, P = .57), thrombocytopenia <90,000 cells/mm3 (13% vs 4%, P = .11), and profound thrombocytopenia <20,000 (3.5% vs 0%, P = .33) with intravenous plus oral RPR 109891 compared with placebo. In 3 of 5 cases of profound thrombocytopenia, RPR 109891 had been interrupted because of bypass surgery, and a precipitous fall in platelet count occurred after the first postoperative oral dose. Conclusions: Intravenous RPR 109891 is a potent, predictable, dose-related platelet inhibitor. Oral RPR 109891 (≤600 mg/d) achieves moderate platelet inhibition. Interrupted glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockade may be associated with a higher risk of profound thrombocytopenia and deserves closer examination in future studies.