Foliar applications of plant growth regulators affect stem elongation and branching of 11 kalanchoe species

Christopher J. Currey, John E. Erwin

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our objectives were to assess the efficacy of various plant growth regulators (PGRs) on stem elongation and branching of 11 kalanchoe (Kalanchoe) species with ornamental characteristics: beauvard's widow's-thrill (K. beauvardii), K. glaucescens, lavender scallops or red-leaved kalanchoe (K. fedtschenkoi), K. longiflora, chandelier plant (K. manginii), marnier's kalanchoe (K. marnieriana), K. millotii, flower dust plant (K. pumila), K. rosei, common kalanchoe or nentabos (K. rotundifolia), and K. streptantha. Foliar spray applications of deionized water, ancymidol (15-60 ppm), benzyladenine (75-300 ppm), chlormequat chloride (750-3000 ppm), daminozide (1250-5000 ppm), ethephon (250-1000 ppm), paclobutrazol (10-40 ppm), or uniconazole (5-20 ppm) were applied 2 weeks after plants were pinched. Stem length at the time of application and 4 weeks after applications and branch number were recorded. While effective chemicals and concentrations varied widely among species, paclobutrazol and uniconazole were identified as providing broad efficacy with respect to inhibition of stem elongation across all 11 species in this study. Additionally, benzyladenine and ethephon increased the number of branches for several species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-344
Number of pages7
JournalHortTechnology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Ancymidol
  • Benzyladenine
  • Chlormequat chloride
  • Ethephon
  • Paclobutrazol
  • Uniconazole

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