We use tunable, vacuum ultraviolet laser based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations to study the electronic properties of Dirac semimetal candidate cubic PtBi2. In addition to bulk electronic states we also find surface states in PtBi2, which is expected as PtBi2 was theoretically predicated to be a candidate Dirac semimetal. The surface states are also well reproduced from DFT band calculations. Interestingly, the topological surface states form Fermi contours rather than double Fermi arcs that were observed in Na3Bi. The surface bands forming the Fermi contours merge with bulk bands in proximity to the Dirac point projections, as expected. Our data confirm the existence of Dirac states in PtBi2 and reveal the fragility of the Fermi arcs in Dirac semimetals. Because the Fermi arcs are not topologically protected in general, they can be deformed into Fermi contours, as proposed by M. Kargarian et al. [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 8648 (2016)PNASA6PNASA60027-842410.1073/pnas.1524787113]. Our results demonstrate the validity of this theory in PtBi2.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to thank Mohit Randeria, Yuan-Ming Lu, and Peter Orth for very useful comments. Research was supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Science and Engineering. Ames Laboratory is operated for the US Department of Energy by Iowa State University under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11358. Y.W. and L.L.W. were supported by Ames Laboratory's Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) funding. N.H.J. was supported by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation EPiQS Initiative (Grant No. GBMF4411). B.S. was supported by CEM, a NSF MRSEC, under Grant No. DMR-1420451.
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