Full vector low-temperature magnetic measurements of geologic materials

Joshua M. Feinberg, Peter A. Solheid, Nicholas L. Swanson-Hysell, Mike J. Jackson, Julie A. Bowles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The magnetic properties of geologic materials offer insights into an enormous range of important geophysical phenomena ranging from inner core dynamics to paleoclimate. Often it is the low-temperature behavior (<300 K) of magnetic minerals that provides the most useful and highest sensitivity information for a given problem. Conventional measurements of low-temperature remanence are typically conducted on instruments that are limited to measuring one single-axis component of the magnetization vector and are optimized for measurements in strong fields. These instrumental limitations have prevented fully optimized applications and have motivated the development of a low-temperature probe that can be used for low-temperature remanence measurements between 17 and 300 K along three orthogonal axes using a standard 2G Enterprises SQuID rock magnetometer. In this contribution, we describe the design and implementation of this instrument and present data from five case studies that demonstrate the probe's considerable potential for future research: a polycrystalline hematite sample, a polycrystalline hematite and magnetite mixture, a single crystal of magnetite, a single crystal of pyrrhotite, and samples of Umkondo Large Igneous Province diabase sills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-314
Number of pages14
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2015

Bibliographical note

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© 2015. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.


  • Besnus transition
  • Morin transition
  • Verwey transition
  • low-temperature magnetometry
  • paleomagnetism
  • rock magnetism


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