Functional, physical, and ultrastructural localization of CD15 antigens to the human polymorphonuclear leukocyte secondary granule

E. S. Buescher, S. A. Livesey, J. G. Linner, K. M. Skubitz, S. M. McIlheran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

A murine monoclonal IgM antibody, M3, which interferes with both polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) phagocytosis and bactericidal activity, was used to examine the subcellular location of antigens bearing 3‐fucosyllactosamine (CD15 antigens) within this cell type. Percoll gradient‐separated secondary granule fractions were rich in CD15 antigens, with at least seven antigens recognizable in SDS‐PAGE/electroblot studies. Sonication/sedimentation experiments using secondary granule fractions showed that both soluble and sediment‐able CD15 antigens were present. Exposure of purified PMN to the secondary granule secretagogue phorbol myristate acetate caused extracellular release of two or three CD15 antigens, which could be purified by immunoprecipitation using antibody M3. Triton X‐114 phase‐partition experiments showed that secondary granule fraction CD15 antigens could be partitioned into hydrophilic (aqueous phase) and hydrophobic (detergent phase) antigens, suggesting that several of these antigens were integral secondary granule membrane components. Ultra‐structurally, PMN intracellular granules showed two patterns of CD15 expression, localization over both granule matrix/granule membrane and localization to only granule membrane. Colocalization studies showed that lactoferrin and CD15 antigens were both present in a subset of intracellular granules, confirming a secondary granule location for these antigens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)306-314
Number of pages9
JournalThe Anatomical Record
Volume228
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1990

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