Gender, violence, and international crisis

Mary Caprioli, Mark A. Boyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

169 Scopus citations

Abstract

Women work for peace, and men wage war - cooperative women, conflictual men. These images pervade conventional wisdom about the efficacy of women in leadership roles and decision-making environments, but imagery is not always grounded in reality. Feminist international relations literature is examined to understand how domestic gender equality may help predict a state's international crisis behavior. The authors use the record of female leaders as primary decision makers during international crises and then test the relationship between domestic gender equality and a state's use of violence internationally. The International Crisis Behavior (ICB) data set and multinomial logistic regression are used to test the level of violence exhibited during international crises by states with varying levels of domestic gender equality. Results show that the severity of violence in crisis decreases as domestic gender equality increases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-518
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Conflict Resolution
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2001
Externally publishedYes

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