Genetic relationships among Native American maize accessions of the Great Plains assessed by RAPDs

D. A. Moeller, B. A. Schaal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetic variation among 15 accessions of Native American maize from the Great Plains was investigated using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). RAPDs revealed very high levels of polymorphism among accessions. Banding patterns ranged in percentage polymorphism from 46.7% to 86.2% with an overall mean of 70.7% for the primers analyzed. The construction of genetic relationships using cluster analysis and principal coordinates analysis revealed that RAPDs are successful in confirming hypothesized relationships and in identifying misclassified specimens. Furthermore, the phenogram fails to reveal a strong correspondence between genetic relationships and the geographical position of Native Americans prior to contact. This provides support for the hypothesis that multiple introductions of maize into the Great Plains via trade may have resulted in the great morphological variation found among accessions in the region. Based on these data, it is unlikely that a separate Great Plains race of maize can be distinguished. In general, we conclude that RAPDs are potentially very useful in organizing seed collections and understanding intraspecific genetic differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1061-1067
Number of pages7
JournalTheoretical And Applied Genetics
Volume99
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Keywords

  • Genetic relationships
  • Geography and evolution
  • Native American maize
  • RAPD
  • Reproducibility

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