Genomic organization and promoter characterization of the rat cyclin B1 gene

Janeen H Trembley, Zongyu Chen, Cecilia M.P. Rodrigues, Betsy T. Kren, Clifford J Steer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cyclin B1 is a key regulatory protein involved in cellular mitosis. We have cloned 1.8 kb of DNA sequence upstream of the rat cyclin B1 gene translation start site from Rattus norvegicus liver genomic DNA and a commercial rat testis genomic library. The mRNA transcription start point (tsp) was determined by primer extension and mRNA end ligation followed by RT-PCR across the ligated 3' and 5' ends. An authentic tsp was confirmed ~ 100 bp upstream of the translation start site. A second potential tsp was also detected ~ 32 bp downstream from the first. RT-PCR analysis of rat liver poly(A)+ RNA using 5'-derived oligonucleotide primers indicated that the 5' end sequence was present in both the 1.6 and 2.4 kb rat liver cyclin B1 mRNA species. Like many other cyclin promoters, there was no apparent TATA box upstream of the transcription initiation sites. However, computer analysis of the promoter region identified a group of consensus transcription factor binding sites, some of which are also reported in other cyclin promoters. These include those for p53, p21, Ap-1, Ap-2, Ets-1, CAATT, E-Box and Yi. We also performed luciferase reporter assays using a set of promoter deletion constructs in human HuH-7 hepatoma and HeLa carcinoma cell lines. Our results suggest that an E-Box and/or CCAAT binding sites are important for transcription, and that there may be negative regulatory elements present between 1800 and 1100 bp upstream of the translation start site. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-104
Number of pages12
JournalGene
Volume255
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 5 2000

Keywords

  • Cell cycle
  • Consensus binding site
  • Liver regeneration
  • Reporter gene constructs
  • Transcription start point
  • Transcriptional repressor
  • Translation start site

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