Geochemical transformations during artificial groundwater recharge: Soil-water interactions of inorganic constituents

Juliet S. Johnson, Lawrence A. Baker, Peter Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Six soils from two vadose-zone injection wells were used in conjunction with three types of recharge waters (microfiltered reclaimed wastewater; reverse osmosis-treated reclaimed wastewater and membrane-filtered Colorado River water) to evaluate soil-water chemical processes that may alter water quality during recharge of these waters. Batch studies (soil-water slurries; 30-day contact time) and flow-through column studies (upflow mode columns; ~ 100 pore volumes over 30 to 100 days) showed that F, Ba and As were leached in appreciable concentrations, whereas leaching of B, Cr, Pb and Se was minimal. In the column study, concentrations often peaked during the first few days of operation (a 'washout' phenomenon) and then declined. Precipitation and dissolution reactions may be important from a standpoint of sustained infiltration rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)196-206
Number of pages11
JournalWater Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by a Conservation/Augmentation Grant AUG94PH24-00 from the Arizona Department of Water Resources. We would like to thank Mike Johnson (ASU) for performing the mineralogical analysis; Peggy O'Day (ASU) for her mineralogical insights, Christine Close (HydroSciences) for obtaining samples and sharing geotechnical data from the well sites, Taqueer Qureshi (ASU) for conducting the initial batch studies, Marjie Risk (ADWR) for managing the ADWR project contract, and Marty Craig (City of Scottsdale) for insights on the Water Campus project.


  • Aquifer storage and recovery
  • As
  • Ba
  • F
  • Groundwater recharge
  • Reverse osmosis
  • Wastewater reclamation
  • Water quality infiltration

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