Flowering and height growth of 20 Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) populations from 10 countries were analyzed at two replicated provenance sites established in 1984 in western Poland. One site was 2 km from a phosphate fertilizer factory that emits SO2 and fluorides, and the other 12 km to the southeast in an area free of acute air pollution levels was treated as a control. Slow-growing populations from the southern (40 to 45°N) and northern (58 to 61°N) part of the species range exhibited relatively smaller air pollutioninduced growth reductions than those from the central part of the range (45 to 58°N). Trees growing in the control area started flowering 4 yrs earlier than those at the polluted site. The percent of trees flowering at the control site differed significantly among provenances in both 1988 and 1990. The mean percent of trees with flowers was three times lower at the polluted site. The least sensitive southern and northern provenances in terms of pollutioninduced reductions in growth exhibited the largest pollution-induced decreases in flowering. These findings indicate that the sensitivity of vegetative organs to air pollution stress is not always paralleled by the sensitivity of reproductive organs.