Giant electrostatic modification of magnetism via electrolyte-gate-induced cluster percolation in L a 1 − x S r x Co O 3 − δ

Jeff Walter, T. Charlton, Hailemariam Ambaye, M. R. Fitzsimmons, Peter P. Orth, R. M. Fernandes, Chris Leighton

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Abstract

lectrical control of magnetism is a long-standing goal in science and technology, with the potential to enable a next generation of low-power memory and logic devices. Recently developed electrolyte gating techniques provide a promising route to realization, although the ultimate limits on modulation of magnetic properties remain unknown. Here, guided by a recent theoretical prediction, we demonstrate large enhancement of electrostatic modulation of ferromagnetic order in ion-gel-gated ultrathin films of the perovskite La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-δ by thickness tuning to the brink of percolation. Application of only 3-4 V is then shown capable of inducing a clear percolation transition from a short-range magnetically ordered insulator to a robust long-range ferromagnetic metal with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. This realizes giant electrostatic Curie temperature modulation over a 150 K window, outstanding values for both complex oxides and electrolyte gating. In operando polarized neutron reflectometry confirms gate-controlled ferromagnetism, additionally demonstrating, surprisingly, that electrostatically induced magnetic order can penetrate substantially deeper than the Thomas-Fermi screening length.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111406
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Volume2
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 2018

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