The authors extend transaction cost analysis into a governance value analysis (GVA) framework to address marketing strategy decisions, especially with regard to strategies grounded in cooperative relationships. The GVA is a four-part model. Heterogeneous resources, positioning, the consequent attributes of exchange, and governance form all interact to determine success in creating and claiming value. The trade-offs among these factors are the core insight offered by the model. The authors illustrate these trade-offs and specify empirically refutable implications. Finally, they sketch directions for future work and a blueprint for managerial decision making.