Growth and remodeling in a thick-walled artery model: Effects of spatial variations in wall constituents

Patrick W. Alford, Jay D. Humphrey, Larry A. Taber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

A mathematical model is presented for growth and remodeling of arteries. The model is a thick-walled tube composed of a constrained mixture of smooth muscle cells, elastin and collagen. Material properties and radial and axial distributions of each constituent are prescribed according to previously published data. The analysis includes stress-dependent growth and contractility of the muscle and turnover of collagen fibers. Simulations were conducted for homeostatic conditions and for the temporal response following sudden hypertension. Numerical pressure-radius relations and opening angles (residual stress) show reasonable agreement with published experimental results. In particular, for realistic material and structural properties, the model predicts measured variations in opening angles along the length of the aorta with reasonable accuracy. These results provide a better understanding of the determinants of residual stress in arteries and could lend insight into the importance of constituent distributions in both natural and tissue-engineered blood vessels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-262
Number of pages18
JournalBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

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