Haptic fMRI: Accurately estimating neural responses in motor, pre-motor, and somatosensory cortex during complex motor tasks

Samir Menon, Michelle Yu, Kendrick Kay, Oussama Khatib

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Haptics combined with functional magnetic resonance imaging (Haptic fMRI) can non-invasively study how the human brain coordinates movement during complex manipulation tasks, yet avoiding associated fMRI artifacts remains a challenge. Here, we demonstrate confound-free neural activation measurements using Haptic fMRI for an unconstrained three degree-of-freedom motor task that involves planning, reaching, and visually guided trajectory tracking. Our haptic interface tracked subjects' hand motions, velocities, and accelerations (sample-rate, 350Hz), and provided continuous realtime visual feedback. During fMRI acquisition, we achieved uniform response latencies (reaching, 0.7-1.1s; tracking, 0.4-0.65s); minimized hand jitter (<8mm); and ensured reliable motion trajectories (tracking, <7mm root-mean-square error). In addition, our protocol decorrelated head motion from both hand speed (r=-0.03) and acceleration (r=-0.025), which reliably produced low head motion levels (<0.4mm/s between scan volumes) and a low fMRI temporal noise-to-signal ratio (<1%) across thirty-five scan runs. Our results address the primary outstanding Haptic fMRI confounds: motion induced low spatial-frequency magnetic field changes, which correlate neural activation across cortex; unreliable motions and response latencies, which reduce statistical power; and task-correlated head motion, which causes spurious fMRI activation. Haptic fMRI can thus reliably elicit and localize heterogeneous neural activation for different tasks in motor (movement), pre-motor (planning), and somatosensory (limb displacement) cortex, demonstrating that it is feasible to use the technique to study how the brain achieves three dimensional motor control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2040-2045
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781424479290
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2014
Event2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Aug 26 2014Aug 30 2014

Publication series

Name2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014

Other

Other2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period8/26/148/30/14

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