The current status of state and local strategies to contain health care expenditures in the United States is described. These strategies are classified as predominantly regulatory, competitive or voluntary. The actions of two major groups of purchasers of care-state government programs for the indigent and private employers-in support of expenditure containment strategies are discussed as well. The large number of approaches to expenditure containment currently being attempted, and their diverse character, are hypothesized to be a result not only of increased health care inflation and the concern it causes purchasers of care, but also of fundamental changes in the health care industry in the United States which have realigned traditional provider interest groups.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Medicaid recipientsr eceivec are from the University of Nevada School under contract. North Carolina hospitals are under Medicaid contractsa nd, where possible,O regon’sM edicaid programc ontractso n a capitation basis for physicians ervicesa nd, prospectively, for hospital care .
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