Healthy whole-grain choices for children and parents: A multi-component school-based pilot intervention

Teri L. Burgess-Champoux, Hing Wan Chan, Renee Rosen, Len Marquart, Marla Reicks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the present study was to pilot-test a school-based intervention designed to increase consumption of whole grains by 4th and 5th grade children. Design: This multi-component school-based pilot intervention utilised a quasi-experimental study design (intervention and comparison schools) that consisted of a five-lesson classroom curriculum based on Social Cognitive Theory, school cafeteria menu modifications to increase the availability of whole-grain foods and family-oriented activities. Meal observations of children estimated intake of whole grains at lunch. Children and parents completed questionnaires to assess changes in knowledge, availability, self-efficacy, usual food choice and role modelling. Setting/sample: Parent/child pairs from two schools in the Minneapolis metropolitan area; 67 in the intervention and 83 in the comparison school. Results: Whole-grain consumption at the lunch meal increased by 1 serving (P < 0.0001) and refined-grain consumption decreased by 1 serving for children in the intervention school compared with the comparison school post-intervention (P < 0.001). Whole-grain foods were more available in the lunches served to children in the intervention school compared with the comparison school post-intervention (P < 0.0001). The ability to identify whole-grain foods by children in both schools increased, with a trend towards a greater increase in the intervention school (P = 0.06). Parenting scores for scales for role modelling (P < 0.001) and enabling behaviours (P < 0.05) were significantly greater for parents in the intervention school compared with the comparison school post-intervention. Conclusions: The multi-component school-based programme implemented in the current study successfully increased the intake of whole-grain foods by children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)849-859
Number of pages11
JournalPublic health nutrition
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

Keywords

  • Children
  • Parents
  • Psychosocial determinants
  • School-based intervention
  • Whole grains

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