Heat transfer characteristics of an obliquely impinging circular jet

E. M. Sparrow, B. J. Lovell

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Measurements of local heat (mass) transfer coefficients were made on a surface on which a circular jet impinges at an oblique angle. The angle of inclination of the jet relative to the surface was varied from 90 deg (normal impingement) to 30 deg. The Reynolds number and the distance between the jet orifice and the impingement plate were also varied parametrically. To facilitate the experiments, the naphthalene sublimation technique was employed, and the resulting mass transfer coefficients were converted to heat transfer coefficients by the well-established analogy between the two processes. It was found that the point of maximum mass transfer is displaced from the geometrical impingement point, with the extent of the displacement increasing with greater jet inclination. The local coefficients on the uphill side of the maximum point drop off more rapidly than do those on the downhill side, thus creating an imbalance in the cooling/heating capabilities on the two sides. Neither the maximum transfer coefficient nor the surface-averaged transfer coefficient are highly sensitive to the inclination of the jet; during the course of the experiments, the largest inclination-induced decreases in these quantities were in the 15 to 20 percent range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-209
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Heat Transfer
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1980

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