This study compared the survey responses of 280 current and former adolescent smokers for what they perceived would be helpful (or what had helped) in quitting smoking. The survey was developed from focus groups and was structured using Prochaska and DiClementes Stages of Change health behavior framework. Results showd that former smokers and current smokers in the preparation stage of change shared beliefs about the importance of interpersonal support, those who were contemplating a quit decision worried about obstacles and internal issues, and current smokers not thinking about quitting focused on external rewards. The findings that significant differences exist based on the adolescent smokers Stage of Change imply that this framework can be appropriately applied to this context.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by Grant No. RO1 CA80323 from the National Cancer Institute. We acknowledge Ivana Crogher, Mayo Clinic; Richard Hurt, Mayo Clinic; Rhonda Baumberger, Mayo Clinic; Troy Wolter, Mayo Clinic; Jill Daniels, Mayo Clinic; Kari Harris, University of Kansas Medical Center.